Relations with Canada

Canada is one of the European Union’s oldest and closest partners. What started out in the 1950s as a purely economic relationship has evolved over the years to become a close strategic partnership.
The EU and Canada work closely together on global challenges such as the environment, climate change, energy security and regional stability throughout the world. This cooperation stretches from research into alternative energy sources to providing police training in Afghanistan.

European and Canadian representatives meet regularly to exchange views, from yearly bilateral summits of leaders to meetings between officials on specific issues. The EU-Canada Partnership Agenda  – adopted at the Ottawa Summit on 18 March 2004 – identifies ways of working together to move forward, especially where joint action can achieve more than acting alone.

The Partnership Agenda acknowledges the significant evolution of EU-Canada relations as a result of developments in the EU since 1976 when the relationship with Canada was first formalized through the Framework Agreement on Economic Co-operation. This was the first formal agreement of its kind between what was then the EEC and an industrialized third country.

On 18 October 2013, EU and Canada have reached a political agreement on the key elements of a trade agreement (CETA). The agreement will remove over 99% of tariffs between the two economies and create sizeable new market access opportunities in services and investment.

Mission of Canada to the European Union


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